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Конспект открытого урока по теме: "Pets and other animals"
– Good morning, boys and girls! Glad to see you! How are you? Today we shall speak about pets and other animals and revise the comparison of adjectives.
– Now listen to me, please. I've got a pet. It is a cat. It is grey. My cat likes to eat fish. It likes to play. My son plays with it. They are friends. We all love our cat very much. And what about you? Have you got a pet? What is it? What is it’s name? (T-P1,T-P2). Who else wants to tell us about his pet? (P1)
– Open your books at page 206. Let's read the text about pets in Great Britain. Then you will answer my questions. (Чтение текста вслух.)
– Now answer my questions.
– Let's recite the poems about our pets.
– Is monkey a domestic animal?
– What kind of animal is it? Take it, please
Дети по очереди берут картинки с изображением животных и прикрепляют их на доску в соответствующее место на схеме:
Ex.: Monkey is a wild animal.
– Guess the rebus, please.
– Let's listen to the dialogue "At a pet shop" and then you will answer my questions.
Shop-girl: Good morning! Could I help you?
Dick: Yes, please. I'd like to buy a pet.
Shop-girl: What about this nice parrot?
Dick: Can it talk?
Shop-girl: Oh, yes! Just listen!
Dick: Hi, bird!
Parrot: Hi, boy!
Dick: Great! I'll certainly buy this clever bird!
Shop-girl: Good. I hope you won’t be sorry. The bird is really very clever. Not only can it talk, it can sing!
Parrot: Tra-la-la, tra-la-la...
Dick: Oh, what a bird!!!
Shop-girl: But do you know how to look after the parrot?
Dick: I hope I do. My Dad taught me how to do it. Thanks a lot! Good bye!
Shop-girl: Bye! And thank you.
– Can the parrot talk?
– Can the parrot sing?
– Is the parrot a clever bird?
– Do you want to keep a parrot as a pet?
– Now let's train your memory and imagination.
– Look at the pictures and guess what animal this is.
(a bear, a cow, a hen)
– What song do you know about them? ("I found a cow")
– Listen! (Звучит аудиозапись.) Now sing to the music.
I Found a Cow
I found a cow!
I found a bear!
I found a hen!
I found a bear.
I found a hen.
I found a cow.
Do the actions:
Jump like a hare!
Climb like a monkey!
Go like a bear!
Swim like a frog!
Fly like a bird!
Thank you. Sit down.
– Let's revise our grammar material.
Как образуются сравнительная и превосходная степени сравнения имен прилагательных? (с помощью суффиксов -er, -est). При помощи сигнальных карточек покажите, какая степень сравнения: положительная - поднимите голубой кружок, сравнительная – синий, превосходная - фиолетовый.
– Listen to the sentences:
The elephant is a big animal.
The biggest cat is the tiger.
Dogs are cleverer than cats.
The giraffe has got the longest neck.
The bear’s neck is shorter than the giraffe’s.
– Выберите прилагательные, противоположные по значению и напишите 3 степени сравнения. Find the opposites
– Read the words, please.
– Поставьте в предложенных словах, обозначающих животных, перепутанные буквы на место и ответьте на вопрос:
– Which is the highest?
(Bull, zebra, giraffe, elephant)
На столе раскладывают комплекты карточек-картинок по разным темам. Не глядя, берут карточки из разных комплектов. При этом могут получиться необычные сочетания слов. Например: цвета-животные-действия (Pink bear reads); числа-животные-действия (Twenty elephants jump).
– Agree or disagree:
– Guess the riddle.
This animal is wild. It can swim. It is green. It has a long tail and a short neck (a crocodile).
– Write the riddles about animals.Open your books at page 205, ex.5. These questions will help you.
Purpose: to practise listening for gift.
Question: What do you know about British history?
What we know as the English language was born out of foreign invasion and later spread across the world by invasion. From the fifth century AD onwards, waves of invaders from Northern Europe came across the North Sea to England. They were Angles, Saxons and Jutes and came from presen-day Germany and Scandinavia” They drove the Celtic-speaking inhabitants of England westwards into those areas known today as Wales, Cornwall, Cambria and the Scottish borders. They established themselves and their languages in the territory the Celtic speakers had occupied. The resulting mixture of Germanic and Scandinavian languages became the earliest form of English.In 1066, William the Conqueror led the Norman French invasion of England. For a period of nearly 300 years French became the official language, although English continued to be spoken by the majority of common people. Modern English has its main origins in the mixture of these two languages, Anglo- Saxon and French.
Purpose: to practise speaking fluently.
Pupil 1. The words of the English language came from many different sources. The English language began from the Germanic dialects of the Angles, Saxons and Jutes, who invaded Britain and settled there from the 5th to the 6th centuries. There are almost no words in modern English which come from the Celtic language of the Britons, who were conquered by the Romans. There are also very few words from the Latin that was used in Britain at that time. Viking invaders from Scandinavia added their words to the language of the Anglo- Saxons.For nearly two hundred years two languages were spoken in England - Anglo- Saxon and Norman - French. In the end, the language spoken by the greater part of the population became, in the 13th century, the official language of England. It is called Old English, Chauser's English, a language which is very difficult for English people to read today.
Pupil 2. Later, English explorers and traders brought into the language many words from peoples living in different parts of the world. For example from Spain and South America came "potato", "tobacco". A very large number of English words have come from Norman -French. The French language comes from Latin. But many other English words have come straight from Latin. Latin was the language that scientists even in the 17th century used and wrote their books in Latin has given modern English more words than any other language.
Pupil 3. Many words have come into the English language from classical Greek, for example, the Greek word "autos" meaning "self" gives " autobiography", я automobile", "autograph", "automatic" and other words. Greek and Latin together have given the world a very large number of international words - especially scientific and political words. These words are used in most languages, though the form and pronunciation may follow the rules of the native language. Examples are not very far away. You have only look at the list of international words in our English textbook. The English language, like all languages, continues to grow. New words are added from the dialects and languages of different peoples, and especially from new developments in politics, science/ sports, and all kind of activities.
Answer the questions:
Pupil 4. Nearly 265 million people live in the USA and speak English. There are more native speakers of English there than any other country. American English is very flexible and has absorbed many words from the languages of immigrants. Words like liaison and rendezvous /from French/, and rodeo and tornado / from Spanish / came into the language because France and Spain once controlled parts of North America. Dutch and German settlers gave words such as waffle and cookies, and hamburger and noodles to American English.
Pupil 5. The first English speakers to arrive met Native Americans who spoke many different languages. To trade with them, the Europeans learned words from the local languages, and some of these words became part of American English. Native Americans also worked as guides, leading the European traders and trappers around the country. The Europeans learned the Native American names for the places they were passing through. Over half the states now have Native American names.
Pupil 6. American English has different dialects. People in the southern states speak with a drawl - they tend to speak slowly and lengthen the last sound of each word. They use expressions like "Howdy, у'all" for" Hello, everybody." President Clinton, from Arkansas, has a southern accent. In New York City, especially in the boroughs outside Manhattan, many people have a way of speaking English that is called New Yorkese. Speakers of New Yorkese often speak very fast. They tend not to pronounce the "r" in words that end in "er". A word like " water" sounds like "wata". Teenagers often like to use a lot of slang, along with expressions such as " like" and " you know", which can make their way of talking seem vague. The words they choose are strongly influenced by popular music and fashion.
Pupil 7. Today, there are some differences in vocabulary, pronunciation, and spelling between American and British English. Sometimes the difference in spelling is because Americans wanted to make things simpler, so that a word would be spelled the way it is pronounced. As far back as the 1780sf Noah Webster, founder of one of the most famous American English dictionaries, decided to eliminate from a word any letters that were not pronounced.
Purpose: to practise reading for detail and inferring
A student is learning to speak British English. He wonders:
Learners of English often ask:
Certainly, there are some differences between British and American English. There are a few differences in grammar. For example, speakers of British English say " in hospital" and "Have you a pen?" Americans say "in the hospital" and" Do you have a pen?" Pronunciation is sometimes different. Americans usually sound the "r" in words like "bird" and "hurt". Some speakers of British English do not sound the "r" in these words. There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary. For example, "colour" and " honour" are British, "color" and "honor" are American".
These differences in grammar, pronunciation, spelling, and vocabulary are not important, however. For the most part, British and American English are the same language.
Speakers of British and American English share the same language. There are many differences between British and American English. British and American English are two separate languages.
"These differences in grammar, pronunciation, spelling, and vocabuly are not important." Which word is the subject of this sentence? These, differences, pronunciation, spelling, vocabulary.
Do people in your country learn to speak British or American English? The reading lists several differences between British and American English. Do you know of any other differences between the two?
Purpose: то practise the topic vocabulary
Read the text and answer the question: What new facts have you learned from the text?
For 150 years America was a British colony. At that time British and American English were almost exactly the same. When America won the War of Independence in 1776, it became a free country. In 1782, its citizens were proudly christened " Americans", and in 1802, US leaders began to talk about "the American language".
The USA was quickly growing richer and more powerful. Millions of Europeans came to America to start a new life there. There were settlers from Italy, Germany, Spain, Ireland, France and other countries and all of them brought new words and expressions to the language. The USA became a "melting pot" of cultures.
Sing a song of people
Walking fast or slow;
People in the city,
Up and down they go,
People on the sidewalk;
People on the bus;
People passing, passing,
In back and front of us,
People on the subway
Underneath the ground;
People riding taxis
Round and round and round
People with their hats on,
Going in the doors;
People with umbrellas
When it rains and poors.
People in tall buildings
And in stores below;
Up and down they go.
People walking singly,
People in a crowd;
People saying nothing.
People talking loud.
People laughing, smiling,
Grumpy people too;
People who just hurry
And never look at you!
Sing a song of people
Who like to come and go;
Song of city people
You see but never know!
Another day, another
Nothing is certain except death and …
Every man must skin his own …
Never trust a fellow that wears a …
Purpose: to practice the topic vocabulary
1. Martha Bordman. In the USA, " Titul", 2000
2. In the English-speaking world, " Titul", 2001
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