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Учитель высшей категории
Урок английского языка в 11 классе
по теме «Человек и природа»
учитель высшей категории
ГУО «Гимназия г.Пружаны»
Урок проводился в 11 классе вгимназии. В группе 11 человек. У многих учащихся достаточно высокий интерес к изучению предмета, развитына достаточном уровне общеучебные умения и навыки, неплохие потенциальные возможности к овладению иноязычной культуры. Есть способности к абстрактному мышлению, обладают концентрированным вниманием, хорошо развиты все виды памяти. С большим интересом ребята относятся к творческим заданиям, с удовольствием выполняют нестандартные задания.
Данный урок построен в соответствии с программными требованиями. Так же был учтен принцип комплексности, который предполагает взаимосвязанное обучение всем видам речевой деятельности. Учитывались психологические и учебные способности учащихся. Урок позволяет проверить знания тематической лексики, а так же развивает навыки устной речи, позволяет учащимся говорить об экологических проблемах и предлагать пути решения этих проблем.
Тема «Экология» считается довольно сложной, так как в ходе её освоения учащиеся должны узнать много специфической лексики. При подготовке к уроку, учащимися усвоен не только обязательный лексический минимум, но и много нового дополнительного материала. В целом урок построен на ситуации свободного общения. Учащиеся получали возможность свободного выражения своих мыслей и чувств, мнения каждого участника общения не осталось незамеченным. Все этапы урока были логически подчинены рассматриваемой проблеме.
На уроке активно использовались информационно-коммукативные технологии, которые призваны не только мотивировать учащихся к изучению английского языка, но и максимально приблизить общение на уровне к реальному, преодолеть языковые барьеры.
Воспитательный потенциал прослеживается на любом уроке. Настоящий, хорошо продуманный, четко спланированный урок воспитывает всегда: своим содержанием, поведением учителя, организацией работы детей, общением их между собой и учителем. Воспитание – процесс целостный и непрерывный. После каждого урока что-то должно остаться, некое духовное приращение, какое-то пусть и крохотное нравственное зернышко.
1. Образовательные аспект
2. Развивающий аспект
3. Воспитательный аспект
^ обобщающий,систематизация и закрепление знаний по теме.
Форма урока: урок презентация и защита проектов.
Оснащение урока: компьютер, презентация PowerPoint «Ecologicalproblems», видео клип с песнейМайкла Джексона «TheEarthSong», песня J. Lennon “Imagine”.
T.-Good morning, dear ladies and gentlemen. Delighted to see you. I hope you are OK and ready to work hard and enthusiastically.
Звучит классическая музыка. Включается видеозапись (слайды 1-26 )
T. Before we start our talking I’d like you to listen to some lyrical poems.
From Child Harold’s Piligrimage
There is a pleasure in the pathless woods
There is rapture on the lonely shore
There is society, where none intrudes
By the deep sea, and music in its roar;
I love not Man the less, but Nature more;
From these our interviews, in which I steal
From all I may be, or have seen before,
To mingle with Universe, and feel
What I can never express, yet cannot all conceal
Away, away , from men and towns
To the wild woods, and the downs
To the silent wildness
Where the soul need not repress
Its music, lest it should not find
And echo in another’s mind,
White the touch of Nature’s art
Harmonizes heart to heart
^ . So, you see, that these verses sound romantically, lyrically, poetically and musically, sometimes even tragically. What are they about?
P1. They are about nature and its beauty.
T. Yes. You are right. What do you think we’ll talk at our lesson?
^ I think we’ll talk about nature, about ecological situation on our planet.
Presentation of the theme.
T. We have gathered to talk about the Earth, Its beauty and its problems, to learn to be more kind to it. Nature is around us, it is inside us. We ourselves are a part of nature. Nature is what makes our planet a beautiful place to live in it.
Look at the apple. Imagine it’s our Earth. I’m cutting it into 4 pieces. Three quarters of the Earth surface is water and only ¼ is land. One half it is habitable. The rest of the land is the deserts, mountains, frozen ice – caps and other places where people cannot live in. And now I’m cutting this half into 4 parts. It’s impossible to believe but only 1/32 gives us food and shelter. And it will be a catastrophe if we destroy it. I’d like you to think over this problem much more seriously and find out the ways to save our fragile planet.
^ What must we do if we want to save our planet?
P1. We must find the ways of saving our planet, of saving ecological problems.
P2. We must love the Earth – our home.
T. Every year people around the world get more and more environmentally concerned. First of all we pay attention that we drink dirty water, breath bed air, animals, birds and forests disappear; there is a lot of trash in the streets. Though we live in a small town we should also think about ecology and environment because we make harm to ourselves. So today we discuss the ecological problems, results and their solutions. Most ecologists say that technological progress is guilty for bad ecology in the world. Do you agree? I offer you to listen to the text «Why must technology bring apology to ecology» and try to answer the questions. Concentrate your attention on the facts. Listen to the text first time, please.(приложение 1)
T. First of all, let’s remember what the word Ecology means. What includes this word? What do you think if you hear this word?
P3. This word came from the «Greek “Oikos”» which means home. This idea of home includes the whole planet: its population, nature, animals, birds, all other living beings and even the atmosphere around our planet.
^ I’m convinced that you can name the main global problems. Whatarethey?
- growth of population
- increase of requirement
- development of science, industry, chemistry
- technological, industrial, agricultural, chemical, nuclear wastes.
- pollution of land, water, air.
^ And now let’s name the most important ecological problems once more.
- Water pollution
- Air pollution
- The Ozone layer
- The green house effect
T. Let’s consult the diagram on the screen and compare our answers and see if we have missed anything important (слайд презентации).
Listen to the text the second time. Answer the questions.
Do all living beings live a happy and healthy life in our Home? Why not? Why must technology, bring apology to ecology? (Discussion)
Presentation of the video material
T.All these problems are very serious. Now I’d like you to watch video.
(демонстрируется видеоклип с песней Майкла Джексона «TheEarthSong»)
T. What have you just watched? What are your ideas about this film?
P1. The progress of science causes global disasters and polluted our beautiful planet.
P2. Many flowers and animals have become rare and vanish. Our useful insects can’t live in the atmosphere of chemicals and pesticides.
P3. Excessive radiation and transport are harmful to people and animals. But industry is developing sometimes without any care of environment.
P4. Our technical civilization thinking of material goods succeeded in destroying nature and creating the ecological crisis on our planet.
T. Now you see the pollution and other problems may be dangerous for us and our future generation. In fact the last years nature charges the mankind with careless treatment of it. May be, that‘s why, we have to be witnesses of the disastrous effects of it. They are Chernobyl disaster, floods, avalanches, earthquakes and soon.
Let’s comment on the problem of environment degradation.
Let’s return to the peoples activities which influence our habitat. I propose you a round – table discussion. Round – table discussion is going to take place on board the ship «Friends of nature». An international organization «Green Peace»invites participants to exchange what can we do to preserve it.Take part in the debates. Prepare your reports and projects.Let me introduces our participants.
Participant1.- Is an American specialist on biosphere. You ought to warn people about the danger of the air pollution and the threat of the ozoneholes for humanity.
Participant2. - Is a nuclear scientist, the head of the atomic Power Station.
Participant3. - Is the scientist from Scotland who studies water pollution.
Participant4. - Is the scientist who studies deforestation.
Participant5, 6. - The hosts of the debates.
Participant7, 8. - Representatives of press, radio, TV, some experts, they will work on the computers using the Internet and looking information about different organizations protecting nature.
T.Let me introduce our host. She is Sasha Demchuk – the best pupil in our group.
Host. Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to our conference. Thank you for taking the time to meet with us today. Let’s starts our conference.
How can we keep the Earth clean?
Howcan we protect the environment?
This is the question. And the answer is our program.I think during our conference we will make the program how to protect the environment, to save the nature, to keep the Earth clean!
Participant1. Since ancient times Nature has served man, being the course of his life. For thousands of years, people lived in harmony with the environment, and it seemed to them that natural riches are unlimited. Unfortunately, later our technological civilization, thinking only of material goods, succeeded in destroying Nature and creating the ecological crisis on our planet.
Nowadays we fly to other planets and discover old manuscripts; we create artificial intellect and get to the depth of the ocean. We release tremendous energies… and cause global disasters. We build the tunnel under the Channel and pollute our beautiful planet.
About 150 years ago the air was pure and clean. Then people started building factories and many of the things they make, like cars, put a lot of harmful substances into the air. Today the air is so polluted in some places that it’s not always safe to breathe there.
Polluted air is not only bad for people and animals, but also for trees and plants. And in some places it’s even damaging farmers’crops – the food we eat. So it’s very important for us to «clean up our act», and clean up the air we all breathe.
^ How can we stop air pollution?
P1Save and protect forests because they are the lungs of our planet. Trees produce oxygen which we breathe.
P2Use public transport as often as you can. First concerns trams, trolley-busses and metro, because they don’t pollute the environment
P^ Produce and use cars which work on electricity
P4Use and install good filters in our factories
P5Not burn solid wastes, build factories for utilizing solid wastes.
HostWe must save our nature, the woods and the forests, but many trees have been cut down every year and many animals, birds and plants have became extinct.
Participant2 Forests are in danger. The world has over 9 million sq. km. of forests. But they are disappearing fast and only because of fires. Every day we use paper and cardboard made from wood. We use different kinds of wood to make furniture and other things. Every year huge forests are cleared for different uses, and a lot of forests are so badly damaged that they will hardly be able to recover.
By the way, some medicines come from trees and from plants and flowers which grow in the forests. There are many illnesses which we still can not cure. There are old ones like cancer and new ones like AIDS. It may be that the medicines we need will be discovered in wild plants in savannas, deserts or rainforests. If we destroy these places, we will never find the cure.
Our useful insects: bees, bumble-bees, butterflies can’t live in the atmosphere of chemicals and pesticides. Every 10 minutesone kind of animal, plant or insect disappears. If nothing is done about it over 1 million of species will disappear in 20 years from now. There are about 500 species and animals in red Data Book.
HostWhat are the Green solutions?
-Governments in rainforests countries need to plan and work together.
-They should protect certain areas and plant new forests.
P^ We shouldn’t cut wild flowers. We should plant a three every year.
P2 Organize national parks, fight against poachers.
HostAnother problem is water pollution.
Participant3The planet Earth is mostly water. All life on the Earth – from the smallest bug to the biggest whale – depends on water. It’s precious. Many rivers and lakes are poisoned too. Factories and plants produce a lot of waste and pour it into rivers.
Nuclear power stations can go wrongand cause nuclear pollution. This happened in Wind scale in Britain, in the USA and Chernobyl. Nuclear pollution cannot be seen, but its effects can be terrible. In such places the birds and animals leave their habitats and many plants die.
Today people are worried about the threat of nuclear power. Chernobyl disaster 1986 is the result of the explosion of a nuclear reactor has badly effected Belarus. About 18% of soil in the country are unfitted for farming and many districts are dangerous to live in. The nine million people living in effect areas have received the highest known exposure to radiation in the history of the atomic age. No people have ever before been continuously exposed to such levels of long-lived, man-made radiation.
Participant2 But modern life is imaginable without electricity and energy. It lights houses, buildings, streets, provides domestic and industrial hit and powers most equipment used in homes, offices and machinery in factories. At the moment 94% of the world energy comes from fossil fuels. Coal fuels over 40% of electricity world life. There is enough for the next 300 years. But only enough gas and oil for the next 50. What happens then? Well, one answer is nuclear energy.
Host Beside, there are still nuclear weapons in some countries. As a result the environment is polluted with the industrial and nuclear wastes. It is dangerous to nature and to people, especially to kids. And we must say – No nuclear station! No atom bomb. Let’s listen to the poem “Child’s wish”.
I want to live and not to die
I want to love and not to cry
I want to feel the summer sun
I want to sing when life is fun
I want to fly into the blue
I want to swim as fishes do
I want to stretch out friendly lands
To all the young of other lands
I want to live and not to die
I want to laugh and not to cry.
I want to mate, No atom bomb
My shining, world.
^ Well, that isthe next item of our program. No atom bomb. No nuclear stations. People must save themselves.
HostThere many things that have negative influence on man’s health. What are they?
Participant5The ozone holes… You see in the atmosphere there is the ozone layer. It protects the Earth from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. But the ozone layer is destroyed by a stuff that aerosol sprays and refrigeratorscontain. People will have to take measures because the dangerous rays get thought the atmosphere causing skin cancer and other diseases. Secondly farmers often spray chemicals on crops to protect them against pests. These chemicals are called pesticide. Scientists have found that these pesticides often end up in our food. They can cause health problems, especially for kids.
^ How can we stop the depletion?
The Green Solutions.
You should ovoid products that are dangerous to the ozone layer
Look for ozone - friendly spays and keep away from genetically modified foods
We must stop using the aerosol spray right now.
Don’t spray chemicals. Don’t spray pesticides on crops.
^ And these items are our program’s items too.
Another problem is land pollution.
Representative of press: One of the invinental problems is land pollution.
One of the environment problems is that we are making much garbage. When we throw something away it goes in a garbage can. Then all garbage is taken to a garbage dump or landfill. Most of our garbage is just buried. But now there is not enough room to hurry it all. So what had people better do with litter? Sure! They must recycle it. Do you know that the energy saved from one recycled aluminum will operate a television set for 3 hours. And if you throw it out of the window, it will still litter the Earth up to 500 years late. When I was in Singapore I saw a poster which said «Singapore is the Garden City of Asia - Keep it clean and green. In Singapore there are rather strict laws behind it. Propping litter in public places is forbidden. You can be fined up to $500. I think it’s very reasonable. We must all strive for the clean environment.
By the way, how long litter lasts? Let’sdothetests.
(Учащиеся выполняют тест самостоятельно). Затем на экран проецируется таблица (приложение 2), по которой они проверяют свои ответы).
HostYou see the problem is very important. What must we do to improve the situation? Of course, there are some solutions of the problem.
To stop land pollution we need to:
P1. By products with as little packing as possible.
P2. Waste less paper.
P3. Turn rubbish into energy.
P4. Use rubbish again after recycling, buy recycled paper, recycle newspapers, cardboard, aluminum cans, glass jars and plastics.
Participant7: It may seem funny to you, but man needs protection and care as much as animals.People’s habitats, their homes, towns and cities must be kept ecologically clean. In the places where people drink poisoned water, eat bad food and breathe polluted air, they suffer from serious diseases, their children are born week. No medicine prescribed by doctors can help them. This problem becomes more and more serious with every passing day. The modern way of life when people have little physical activity, use cars instead of walking, watch television for many hours and work on computers is turning them into legless creatures. We have to change the situation for the better.
Member of G.P. I want to admit that there are global problems between the relations of Man with Nature. In order to solve these problems, society must promote education about environment by creating programs for students of all ages. We must try to make people more aware of environment issues. We are part of the natural environment and need to be responsible for our interactions with our environment. We must recognize the important of our planets systems and variety of life. We need to think about our part in theenvironment and now actions such as use of water production of rubbish and energy consumption, directly destroy our wild life and natural habitats.
If we don’t begin to change our behavior, we will have no world to live in. you can cycle, walk or ride a bike, plant a tree and appreciate the peaty of the nature around you.
So, in spite of everything, we believe that the Earth is our common home, a big green house. All the inhabitants - people, animals, birds – need to live in peace and harmony.
^ What can we do to live healthy in the healthy world?
P1. Buy fresh food, by fruit and vegetables from farmers who don’t use chemicals.
P2 . Use batteries as like as possible. It takes so times more energy to make them than they produce.
P3. Don’t use electric lights, TV on if you are not using them.
Host Now I think it’s time to relax a little.
Look left, Look right
Look up, Look down
Look at your nose
Look at that rose
Close your eyes
Open, wink, and smile
Your eyes are happy again
Close your eyes. Imagine that you are in the forest. It is summer. The weather is nice. The sun is shining. The birds are singing. You are strong. You are not 11 Form pupils anymore. You are the best pupils in the world. And you are ready to continue our lesson. Open your eyes!
(Учащиеся слушают пение птиц, звуки природы)
Host In recent years people have become more sensitive towards environment. Still more public organizations and unofficial environmentalist movements have been established with every passing year.
^ I’m a member of G.P. and I want to tell you about our organization. In 1987 a G.P. pubic commission has been set up. Its main goal is to combine the people efforts for peace with the huge and ever mounting movements for future conservation. Another area of its work is to set up and strengthen cooperation among environmentalists from many similar organizations abroad.
Host Thank you for your interesting information. Now let’s ask our experts about their work. Areyouready?WhatinformationhaveyoufoundontheNetabout different environmental movements?
(Эксперты, работавшие в сети Интернет, представляют ответы на заданные вопросы, представляют подготовленную информацию)
Expert1 “Travels for Peace and Nature” is the name of another public moment that appeared in Russia some year ago. It concentrates its efforts on many theory and practical work. The moment includes all kinds of environmental actions and informs the public of the ways, means and results of this work. Russia is cooperating in the field of environmental protection with the USA, Canada, Norway, England, Belarus and other countries.
Expert2Now, its just time for us to speak about one more international organization. It is WWF – The World Nation Found. It is one of the biggest independent organizations. There are more that 5 million members in it and they work in more than 100 countries. The main aim of WWF is to stop deforestation of nature.
Beside “Green Peace” there are other groups such us “Friends of the Earth” and “The National Trust” the royal society for the protection of birds. They have special environmental education.
HostThank you for your interesting information. Let’s remember – we have only one Earth. And it is our challenge to keep it clean and healthy for us and for future generation.
This land is your. This land is my land.
From the Arctic regions to the Southern Ireland
Form red wood forests to the farthest bodies
This land was made for you and me.
We are concerned about the ecology today. Let’s make the program protecting the environment.
Students work in 2 groups. One group generators ideas that we should do and another group that we shouldn’t do to keep our planet clean. Time is limited up (2 minutes). Then pupils write their good ideas on the green leaves and pin then to the tree. Other pupils write their bad ideas on the yellow leaves and pin them under the tree. (приложение3) (наэкранепрограмма, составленнаяучастникамиконференции)
HostWell, my friends, I think everybody know, how we can help our nature to protect the environment. We can help the Earth, working hard, cleaning the environment, planting trees, studying and loving nature. Our conference is over.Thanks to everybody who took part in our conference.
T.Children, I want you, to remember the wise advice of a great English writer J. Galsworthy who said: «If you don’t think about the future, you will not have it»
T. Our short discussion is over. I’m sure; you are real friends of our planet. And I hope our lesson will help you to be more active in the ecological movement. In fact we live only once and not a very long life. We have one Earth for all those who love it and who do not. Now I want you to sing the song «Imagine» by J. Lennon which sounds as a call to all the people of the world to be united and save the Earth (звучитпеснявисполненииучеников, видеоклип.(Приложение 4)
Summary of the lesson. Its time to finish our lesson. You have worked hard. I’m satisfied with our lesson. Your marks are…
At home you are to write an assay «Man and his Endangered Home».
T. We love our land. But what feelings can help us to save the Earth?(Ребята пишут слова, обозначающие светлые чувства и мыслина цветных аппликациях и прикрепляют к карте)
«Love, belief, trust, happiest».
Why must technology bring apology to ecology?
To answer this question me mush first of all learn the meaning of the word “ecology”. Ecology is a science which studies the relationship between all Forms of life on our planet with its environment. This word came from the Greek “oikos” which means “home”. This idea of “home” includes the whole planet: it’s population, the nature, animals, birds, fish, insects, all other living beings and even the atmosphere around our planet. Do all of them live a happy and healthy life in our Home nowadays? Unfortunately, it is not so. Indeed, many territories, water, basins, lakes, rivers, seas, oceans – and the atmosphere are polluted with all kinds of technological, agricultural, chemical, nuclear and other wastes. The intensive development of sciences, industry and chemistry in the 20th century has made the pollution of our environment a global problem which should be solved by all means.
Besides, rapid growth of our population (there are about 6 billion people living on our planet now) needs more and more land, food, goods and modern conveniences for newly-born people. The production of them in large amounts will greatly increase the pollution of the environment. And what to say about the awful harm caused to our Home by nuclear tests, atom bombs and accidents at our atomic power stations? Isn’t it high time to start solving this global problem and to make our life in our Home happy and healthy?
Now you know the answer to the question of why technology must bring apology to ecology. You are right. Because it has polluted and is badly polluting our environment.
Listen to the following questions and variants of answers. Choose the correct answer.
2. A banana peel
3. A wool sock
4. A modern stake
5. A painted wooden stake
6. Do tin cans
7. Aluminum cans
8. Plastic containers
Keeping the Earth clean
Our program is:
Imagine there’s no heaven,
It’s easy if you try,
No hell below us,
Above us only sky
Imagine all the people,
Living for today, a-ha.
It’s isn’t hard to do,
Nothing to kill or die for,
And no religion too,
Imagine all the people,
Living life in peace, you-huh.
You may say I’m not the only one
I hope some day you’ll join us
And the world will be one.
Imagine no possessions
I wonder if you can,
No need for green and hunger,
A brotherhood of man,
Imagine all the people
Sharing all the world, you-huh.
You may say, I’m a dreamer,
But I’m not the only one
I hope some day you’ll join us
And the world will live as one.
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